Risk Aggregation

From Open Risk Manual


Risk Aggregation denotes a stage of the Risk Measurement process where different risks are considered jointly in order to obtain a integrated risk profile.

Aggregated risks may be variations of a given Risk Type, in which case the process is named Intra-Risk Aggregation (for example different types of Credit Risk) or clearly distinct types, in which case the process is named Inter-Risk Aggregation.[1]


Banks and Insurance firms will typically perform risk aggregation under the Economic Capital frameworks. For banking supervisors, the SREP process typically includes a review of firms’ internal risk aggregation methods under the Internal Capital Adequacy Assessment Process (ICAAP) required for Pillar 2 of the Basel II framework

Issues and Challenges

  • Effective aggregation of risks requires among others comprehensive and consistent Risk Data Aggregation across different risk types
  • Establishing the degree of Risk Diversification between distinct risk types is subject to technical and conceptual difficulties


  1. BCBS, Developments in Modelling Risk Aggregation, 2010

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