National Adaptation Plans

From Open Risk Manual


National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) help countries plan and implement actions to reduce vulnerability to the impacts of Climate Change and strengthen adaptive capacity and Climate Resilience. [1]

NAPs link to Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and other national and sectoral policies and programmes.

For NAPs to be successful they need to be participatory, inclusive, gender-responsive, and transparent. This means that at the design stage, NAPs need to evaluate the specific needs and vulnerabilities of different groups in the country, paying particular attention to those most vulnerable to climate change impacts and involving them in developing and implementing strategies and programmes.

The 2022 UN Adaptation Gap Report estimates adaptation costs in developing countries from US$ 79 billion/year to US$ 612 billion/year for the period 2021-2030, based on an analysis of National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) and Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs).[2]

Futher Resources


  1. The Climate Dictionary, UNDP, 2023
  2. United Nations Environment Programme (2022). Adaptation Gap Report 2022: Too Little, Too Slow – Climate adaptation failure puts world at risk.