GHG Protocol

From Open Risk Manual


The Greenhouse Gas Protocol (GHG Protocol) is a comprehensive global standardized framework to measure and manage GHG emissions from private and public sector operations, value chains, and mitigation actions.[1] The GHG Protocol supplies the world’s most widely used GHG accounting standards.


The Greehouse Gas Protocol Initiative is a multi-stakeholder partnership of businesses, non-governement organizations, governments and others, convened by the World Resources Institute (WRA) and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD), a Geneva-based coalition of 170 international companies.

Launched in 1998, the Initiative’s mission is to develop internationally accepted greenhouse gas (GHG) accounting and reporting standards for business and to promote their broad adoption


  • The GHG Protocol Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard which provides a step-by-step guide for companies to use in quantifying and reporting their GHG emissions. The Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard provides the accounting platform for virtually every corporate GHG reporting program in the world.
  • The GHG Project Protocol Quantification Standard (a guide for quantifying reductions from GHG mitigation projects)
  • The Global Protocol for Community-Scale Greenhouse Gas Inventories, an accounting and reporting standard for Cities.

Core Features

Identifying three distinct scopes of emissions

See Also


  1. The Greenhouse Gas Protocol, A corporate accounting and reporting standard, Revised Edition 2008
  2. PCAF (2020). The Global GHG Accounting and Reporting Standard for the Financial Industry. First edition.