Environmental Input-Output Database

From Open Risk Manual


Environmental Input-Output Database is a information system that systematically collects information about economic activities in relation to their environmental footprint.

Existing EEIO frameworks vary significantly in terms of regional and environmental scope, sector and product granularity, construction methodology, intended use and availability. The following is a partial list that focuses on the major initiatives that are still actively developed / updated. The links provide more detailed information.


  • ADB-MRIO, the Asian Development Bank's Multi-Regional Input-Output Tables
  • The EXIOBASE database, developed explicitly to address environmental issues
  • The FIGARO database by Eurostat (Full International and Global Accounts for Research in Input-Output Analysis)
  • The OECD-ICIO database and the Trade in Value Added database
  • The USEEIO database (US Environmentally-Extended Input-Output is a family of models designed to bridge the gap between traditional economic calculations, sustainability, and environmental decision-making
  • The WIOD was also designed to provide data on socio-economic and environmental indicators at the industry level for use in a wide variety of applications.
  • The EORA MRIO Multi-Region IO database, developed explicitly to address environmental issues
  • GTAP Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP), was developed to analyse trade-policy measures and impacts.
  • IDE Jetro: Asian International Input-Output Tables (AIIOTs). From 1970 to 2005. Covers mainly Asian countries
  • FMO Joint Impact Model. Based in part on GTAP. Only the methodology is public.


  • ADB-MRIO, EXIOBASE, WIOD, FIGARO, USEEIO and OECD-ICIO can be used free of charge
  • EORA and GTAP both charge fees for non-teaching institutions to access the data
  • GTAP Data Base releases that are at least two versions old are freely available


  • OECD-ICIO, FIGARO and WIOD were developed to illustrate global production and value-added trade.

Issues and Challenges

  • None of these databases currently have consistent time series on a yearly basis
  • MRIO data sets differ in their underlying data sources in terms of country coverage, the timespan of available data, and the level of detail for industries or products. They also differ in terms of databases accessibility (e.g., paywalls and data formats) and the methodological choices made in the compilation process