EBA NPL Template
Following calls from the EU Commission and the EU Council to develop data templates to reduce information asymmetries between potential buyers and sellers of Non-Performing Loans (NPL), the European Banking Authority (EBA) has developed such standardised data templates. The EBA has providing these templates to allow banks to supply comparable and standardised data on NPLs to investors and other stakeholders.
The templates are not a supervisory reporting requirement. They are designed in a way that they can act as a market standard, used by banks on a voluntary basis for NPL transactions, and to form the foundation for NPL secondary markets initiatives. The EBA NPL transaction templates provide data loan by loan, i.e. at the most granular level. They are built on existing reporting, which should reduce implementation costs. Within the templates users should be able to identify the data needed by investors to fairly price an NPL portfolio.
Under the NPL Directive the EBA is tasked to develop draft implementing technical standards to specify the templates to be used by credit institutions in order to provide detailed information on their credit exposures in the banking book to credit purchasers for the analysis, financial due diligence and valuation of a creditor’s rights under a non-performing credit agreement, or of the non-performing credit agreement itself.
These data templates shall be used for transactions relating to credits issued on or after 1 July 2018 that become non-performing after 28 December 2021. For credits that originate between 1 July 2018 and the date of entry into force of the implementing technical standards referred to in paragraph 1, credit institutions shall complete the data template with the information already available to them.
Spreadsheet versions of the current proposed templates are available here.
- Draft ITS (Due September 2022) 
- Current Version (1.1): September 2018
- Original Version (1.0): December 2017
The template in a set of tables:
|EBA NPL Counterparty Group Table||Data Fields relating to Counterparty Groups|
|EBA NPL Counterparty Table||Data Fields relating to Counterparties|
|EBA NPL Loan Table||Data Fields relating to Loans|
|EBA NPL Relationship (Borrower - Loan) Table||Data Fields connecting Loans to Counterparties|
|EBA NPL Lease Table||Data Fields relating to Leases|
|EBA NPL Swap Table||Data Fields relating to Swaps|
|EBA NPL Property Collateral Table||Data Fields relating to Property Collateral backing the Loans|
|EBA NPL Non-Property Collateral Table||Data Fields relating to Non-Property Collateral backing the Loans|
|EBA NPL Relationship - Property Collateral Table||Data Fields connecting Property Collateral to Loans|
|EBA NPL Relationship - Non-Property Collateral Table||Data Fields connecting Non-Property Collateral to Loans|
|EBA NPL Enforcement Table||Data Fields relating to Enforcement|
|EBA NPL External Collection Table||Data Fields relating to External Collection|
|EBA NPL Forbearance Table||Data Fields relating to Forbearance|
|EBA NPL Historical Collection & Repayment Schedule Table||Data Fields documenting historical collections|
|EBA NPL Relationship (Guarantor - Guarantee) Table||Data Fields connecting guarantees to counterparties|
|EBA NPL Relationship (Tenant - Lease) Table||Data Fields connecting leases to counterparties|
The template represented as a graph (key entities only)
The following are disclaimers as provided by the EBA
Using the templates should not be seen as discharging the users or any contracting parties in NPL transactions from any legal, accounting, and tax, professional, supervisory or other form of obligation, including obligations, which users might have to observe in connection with data protection regulation and other national and Union legislation on data protection and data confidentiality.
Any party involved in an existing or potential NPL transaction may also request further data, not included in the EBA NPL templates, including documents further supporting the data provided in the templates.
The EBA NPL templates should be seen as provided “as is”, with no guarantee of completeness, accuracy and timeliness of the data and information exchanged or received through the use of these templates, and without warranty of any kind, express or implied. The terms applied and any other related information in these templates are not guaranteed to exactly reproduce officially adopted texts.
All parts of the EBA NPL templates, including any legal and other information contained therein, is for general guidance: the application and impact of laws can vary widely over-time or based on the specific facts involved. Given the changing nature of laws, rules and regulations, there may be delays, omissions or inaccuracies in the data fields included in the templates.
The EBA Template documentation has been converted into online hyperlinked content that is embedded within the Open Risk Manual. There is no guarantee that the conversion is faithful to the original. When in doubt, consult the documentation and templates provided by the EBA.